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    湖北省咸宁市2014年初中毕业生学业考试

    温馨提示:

    1本试卷分试题卷(共8页)和答题卷(共2页);全卷共82个小题(含2个选做题),含听力测试和笔试两部分;满分120分,考试时间120分钟。

        2考生答题前,请将自己所在学校、姓名、准考证号填写在试题卷和答题卷指定的位置,同时认真阅读答题卷上的注意事项。考生答题时,请按照题号顺序在答题卷上各题的答题区域内作答,写在试题卷上无效。

    试 题 卷

    第一部分  听力测试(共30分)

    一、听对话选图  听下面五段对话和问题,从每小题ABC三个选项中,找出能回答所提问题的图片。[听完每段对话后,你将有10秒钟的时间做出选择和准备下一小题。每段对话读两遍。](每小题1分,共5分)



    二、对话理解  听下面三段对话,从每小题ABC三个选项中,找出相应问题的最佳答案。[听每段对话前,你将有时间阅读各小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各个小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话读两遍。](每小题1. 5分,共15分)

    听第一段对话,回答第6-8小题。

     6What is Mike doing?

           AHe’s smoking in the room.

           BHe is reading in the sun.

           CHe’s listening to the radio.

     7Why does Maria’s father like smoking?

    ABecause he thinks smoking can help him relax.

    BBecause he thinks smoking can stop him from coughing.

    CBecause he thinks smoking can make him fight against illness.

     8What does Maria ask her father to do?

    A.To reduce smoking as much as possible.

    BTo give up smoking as soon as possible.

    CTo brush his teeth as many times as possible.

    听第二段对话,回答第9-11小题。

     9What’s the young man’s trouble?

    AHe can’t fall asleep at night.

    BHe doesn’t get enough exercise.

    CHe coughs much at night.

    10How long has the young man been ill?

    AOne day.                              BTwo days.                     CThree days.

    11What did the doctor tell the young man to do?

           ATo visit the doctor often.

           BTo go to bed at the same time.

           CTo drink more tea every day.

    听第三段对话,回答第12-15小题。

    12What are they talking about?

           ATheir favorite cities.

           BThe summer holidays.

           CThe weather in different cities.  

    13Where is Mary going?

           ATo her hometown.                BTo Hainan.                     CTo Beijing.

    14How is Mary going there?

           ABy bus.                                BBy train.                        CBy plane.

    15Who will John go to Hainan with?

           AHis parents.                          BHis classmates.              CHis friends.

    三、短文理解  根据你听到的内容,从每小题ABC三个选项中,找出相应问题的最佳答案。[听短文前,你将有30秒钟的时间阅读各小题。短文读两遍。](每小题2分,共10分)

    16What can’t dogs do better than man?

           ASee.                                     BHear.                             CSmell.

    17How long may a dog live for?

           AAbout 13 or 14 years.            BAbout thirty years.         CAbout forty years.

    18When was a dog first sent up in a man-made satellite by Russian scientists?

           AIn 1955.                               BIn 1957.                        CIn 1975.

    19Where did a dog called Lossre become a star?

           AIn American sports.               BIn an American book.     CIn an American movie.

    20Why have dogs been man’s friends for thousands of years according to the passage?

           ABecause dogs are brave to watch the door for their master.

           BBecause dogs have helped people in many ways.

           CBecause dogs have provided delicious meat for many people.

    第二部分  笔试部分(共90分)

    四、单项填空 从ABCD四个选项中,找出可以填入相应空格处的最佳答案。(每小题1分,共15分)

    21—What are you going to do this weekend?

           — I together with my classmates            going to climb Mount Qian.

           Ais                        Bam                      Care                      Dwere

    22—What do you think of her teaching English?

           —Great! No one teaches           in our school.

           Agood                   Bworse                 Cbetter                Dbest

    23—Morning, class. Is          here today?

           —No, sir.  Tom is absent. He is ill at home.

           Aanybody              Beverybody           Cnobody               Dsomebody

    24—Have you seen the documentary named A Bite of China ( 舌尖上的中国)?

           —Yeah! It’s the most funny one ________ I have ever seen.

           Athat                     Bwhat                   Cwhich                 Dwhere

    25—Do you know Diaoyu Island?

           —Sure. It ________ China since ancient times.

           Abelongs to           Bbelonged to          Chas belonged to   Dis belonging to

    26—______ sweet music!

           —And I really like the Voice of China TV programs.

           AWhat                  BWhat a            CHow                DHow a

    27—What’s the most important morning news on CCTV today?

           —The Chinese government warned Japan _____ do harm to China’s territorial sovereignty      (领土主权) again and again.

           Ato not                  Bdidn’t                  Cnot to                 Ddo not

    28— As we know it’s difficult to live in a foreign country.

           —        if you can’t understand the language there.

           AExactly               BNaturally             CUsually                DEspecially

    29—Peng Liyuan is         Chinese people as a beautiful and popular singer.

           —And now she is also the First Lady in China.

           Aknown as            Bproud of              Cfamous for          Dwell-known to

    30—Food safety is very important.

           —So some rules         to stop people from polluting food.

           Amust make         Bmust be made     Cmust made         Dbe made

    31—Do you want to go to Taiwan or Tibet for holiday?

           —             

           ANo, I don’t.       BYes, I do.         CGood idea!         DI want to Taiwan.

    32—Did you ever listen to Zhang Lili’s story yesterday afternoon?

           —Yes. We all         listening carefully and were moved deeply.

           Aenjoyed ourselves                                Bhelped ourselves to

           Clost ourselves in                                   Dput ourselves in

    33—I want to know if Maria         us  in the fashion show tonight.

           —I believe if she         her homework, she will join us.

           Ajoins; finishes                              Bwill join; finishes

           Cjoins; will finish                               Dwill join; will join

    34—Do you have any difficulty in         English?

           —Yes, but I try to make myself           .

           Ato speak; understood                    Bspeaking; understand

           Cto speak; to understand                  Dspeaking; understood

    35—When will your new book           ?

           —It has not been decided yet.

           Afind out          Bcome out            Clook up               Dset up

    五、完形填空  阅读短文,掌握其大意,从每小题所给的ABCD四个选项中,找出可以填入相应空格处的最佳答案。(每小题1分,共15分)

    Weakness

    A boy lost his left arm in a car accident. When he was 10 years old,  he decided to study judo(柔道). The boy began lessons   (36)   an old Japanese judo coach. The boy was doing well, so he couldn’t understand   (37)  , after three months of training, the coach had taught him only one action. “Sir,” the boy finally said, “shouldn’t I be learning more actions?”

    “This is the only move you know, but this is the only action you’ll ever need to know,” the coach replied. Not quite understanding,  (38)   believing in his coach, the boy kept   (39)  .

    Several months   (40)  , the coach took the boy to his first competition. Surprising himself, the boy   (41)   won his first two matches. The third match   (42)   to be difficult, but after some time, his opponent(对手) became impatient and rushed over; the boy quickly used his move to win the match. Still amazed by his   (43)  , the boy was now in the finals.

    This time, his opponent was bigger, stronger and   (44)  . For a while, the boy appeared to be defeated. Being worried that the boy might get hurt, the referee(裁判) called a time-out(暂停). He was about to call a time-out when the coach stopped. “No,” the coach cried, “let him   (45)  . ”

    Soon after the match began again, his opponent made a big mistake: he lost his guard. Immediately, the boy used his move to defeat his opponent. The boy had   (46)   the match and the competition. He was the champion.

    On the way home, the boy and the coach   (47)   every move in each and every match. Then the boy showed the courage to ask   (48)   was really on his mind, “Sir, how did I win the competition with only one move?”

    “You won for   (49)   reasons,” the coach answered. “First, you’ve   (50)   mastered one of the most difficult moves in all of judo. And second, the only known defence(防卫)for that move is for your opponent to catch your left arm. ”

    The boy’s greatest weakness(弱点)had become his greatest strength.

    36Ato                       Bon                       Cwith                    Dfrom

    37Awhy                    Bwhen                  Cwhere                 Dhow

    38Aso                       Bor                       Cbut                     Dand

    39Aask                     Btrain                    Casking                 Dtraining

    40Alater                    Bago                     Cfor                      Daway

    41Aeasy                    Beasily                  Chard                    Ddifficult

    42Aproved                Bseems                 Cwere                   Dlooks

    43Afailure                 Bsuccess               Cfall                      Dsucceed

    44Aold                      Bexperienced         Cmore experienced Dolder

    45Astop                    Bcontinue              Cto continue          Dto leave

    46Awon                    Bbeat                    Cbroke                  Ddefeated

    47Atalked                  Btalk about            Creview                Dreviewed

    48Athat                     Bwhich                 Cwhat                   Dwhatever

    49Aone                     Btwo                     Cthree                   Dfour

    50Anear                    Bnever                  Chardly                 Dalmost

    六、阅读理解  阅读短文,掌握其大意。51-60小题为选择题,从每篇短文后所给各题的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳答案;61-65小题为填空题,答案直接填写在答题卷相应横线上。(每小题2分,共30分)                                  

    A

    Decide to Do Well

    Everybody makes decisions in daily life. They can be as important as what you will do in the future or as simple as what you will eat for breakfast. Any decision could be the turning point of your life.

    I made an important decision when I was in Junior 3.

    Before I made that decision I was one of the boys who tried too hard to act as an adult. I didn’t know that only kids want to show themselves as adults.

    I didn’t listen to my parents and teachers, and my grades became poor. Then came the high school entrance exam.

    At the turning point of my life, my mom wanted to have a conversation with me. I wanted to turn it down but when I looked at her eyes, I felt I couldn’t refuse. Instead of asking me to study hard, to my surprise, Mom just asked what I wanted to do in the future. Without thinking too much, I just said I would like to study hard.

    Mom smiled and asked again: “I asked: what do you WANT to do?”

    I never seriously thought about the question. So, I kept silent.

    “Whether you want to go on studying or enter the society,” she went on, “it is your own decision. Your life ought to be decided by you, not by anyone else, including me. ” After saying that, she had tears in her eyes.

    For the first time in my life I was asked to make my own decision. I sat in my chair and thought about myself, my life and what kind of person I wanted to become.

    It took me what seemed to be ages to make the biggest decision so far in my life—I wanted to be a man who makes a difference in the world. To achieve that, I needed to study hard.

    The path to my future became clear to me. I didn’t act rebelliously(叛逆地) any more. With passion (激情) in my heart, I studied hard.

    Now, I’m 17 and I’m in one of the best schools in my city, in one of the best classes at the school and I am one of the best students in the class.

    Thanks to that decision, I have become what I am today.

    51When did the writer make the important decision?

           AAfter he was 17 years old.                BAfter he was in one of the best classes.

           CWhen he was a pupil.                    DWhen he was studying in Junior 3.

    52What was the writer like before the decision?

           AHis grades became poor.

           BHe tried too hard not to act as an adult.

           CHe was one of the top students in his class.

           DHe did what his teachers and his parents asked him to do.

    53How did the writer make the decision?

           AIt was easy for him to make the decision.

           BIt was his second time to make the decision.

           CHe made the decision seriously.

           DIt was his mother that made the decision for him.

    54Why did the writer make the decision?

           ABecause his teacher talked with him patiently.

           BBecause he didn’t want to act rebelliously any more.

           CBecause his mother asked him to study hard as usual.

           DBecause his father asked him to think about his future by himself.

    55Which of the following is TRUE?

           AThe writer made the decision that he should work hard.

           BIt took the writer several years to make the decision.

           CAfter hearing his mother’s words, the writer had tears in his eyes.

           DAt the turning point of his life, the writer wanted to have a conversation with his mother.

    B

    17-year-old Tibetan boy climbs 40 meters up a tall tree only to get some honey as an ingredient for a traditional local drink. The money he makes from selling the honey will be used to pay for his younger brother’s tuition fee(学费).

    This is only a scene from the first episode() of CCTV’s new documentary, A Bite of China 2, which appeared on April 18, 2014. But they are enough reasons for viewers to spend an hour every Friday until June 6 enjoying in front of their television sets. Viewers have had to wait a long time since A Bite of China first came out in 2012.

    Back then, the seven-episode documentary was considered the best one ever produced by CCTV, with its good effects and rich food culture. A famous foreigner praised it, saying “it’s the best TV show I’ve ever seen about food. I’m sure it’s the best one ever made. ”

    The new season includes eight episodes, covering 300 types of food. According to CCTV, every minute of the show was edited(编辑) out of 150 minutes of footage(影像镜头). Finding their subjects was often the hardest part of the film team’s job. It took them six months to film a beekeeping couple, which included a journey of more than 2,000 kilometers.

    Food is a personal thing, in that no dish suits all tastes. However, the program has still managed to move all sorts of viewers.

    “Compared with A Bite of China, the new season has a more human touch, which makes viewers cover some tears while their mouths are watering,” said Sina Entertainment.

    As always, the people are the most interesting part. A Bite of China 2 shows a greater dream—through homemade food, it tells the joys and sorrows of common Chinese in changing times, according to director Chen Xiaoqing of the documentary series.

    “I was moved by the people in each simple story,” said Li Weifang, 17, of Beijing No 3 High School. “Their work helps enrich(丰富) China’s food culture. ”

    In fact, that is exactly what the new season hopes to deliver. Through the program, “the listeners will see the characteristics of the Chinese people: save and tenacity(坚韧),” Chen told Xinhua.

    56When did A Bite of China 2 appear on CCTV?

           AFrom 2012.                         BFrom April 18, 2014.

           CUntil June 8, 2014.                    DEvery Friday through the coming year.

    57How is A Bite of China 2 different from its first season?

           AIt took a longer time to film it.           BIt introduces more food types.

           CIt has more human stories about food. DIt attracts more viewers around the world.

    58What was the most difficult part of filming the documentary?

           AFinding the right subjects.                  BCreating the good effects.

           CFilming in hard environments.           DEditing so much footage.

    59What does the underlined word “sorrows” mean in Chinese?

           A.故事             B.伤害                  C.快乐                 D.悲伤

    60Which of the following is NOT TRUE?

           AA Bite of China tells China’s food culture.

           BA Bite of China tells the joys and sorrows of Chinese in changing times.

           CThe new season includes seven episodes, covering 300 types of food.

           DSometimes we could watch A Bite of China for an hour on Friday on CCTV.

    C

    Start the day in the English way

    What do you like to have when you wake up? Do you like to have a ①        / 'ʃaʊə /, a cup of tea or a piece of fruit?

    How about eggs, pork, sausages, beans in tomato sauce, bread and mushrooms, all cooked in an oily frying pan?

    This is, according to tales, the traditional British breakfast, otherwise(否则) known as the “Full English” or “Fry Up”. It’s meaty, fatty, salty and unhealthy, and it’s served all day, every day.

    We British proudly tell the story of how, when most people worked as farmers, they needed a “real” breakfast—a “British breakfast” to get them started for a long day’s work.

    Nowadays, we often continue, ②the “Full English” is eaten daily by truck drivers and builders, who also work long hours and don’t have regular meals.

    But does every British person really chew(咀嚼)through this daily mountain?

    A recent survey of those builders I mentioned before—showed that less than 1 percent had a regular “Fry Up” and most actually preferred salad or sushi. ③In fact, studies show that about two-thirds of British people don’t eat breakfast at all.

    But then, how often do you eat Beijing Roast Duck, go to Chinese opera or do a Sichuanese mask-changing dance?

    We love to talk about how much we love our traditions—even if we only actually        / 'kærɪ / them out when guests are around. In fact, many British people don’t actually know how to make a British breakfast–which is why cafes are so good at serving them to tourists.

    I did know one person who ate a British breakfast every morning, though–my grandfather.

    他不是英国人He was from the Netherlands.

    Maybe he wanted to surprise the crowd with his own strange tradition–being the only person eating a British breakfast, and the only non-British person in the room.

    61将文中处的画线句子翻译成中文。                             

    62将文中处的画线句子翻译成英语。                             

    63根据音标提示,在文中空格处分别填入一个适当的单词,使句意完整,上下文

        通顺,一空一词。

                                             ④         

    64将文中处的画线句子进行句型转换,一空一词。

           Truck drivers and builders          the “Full English”       .

    65. 回答问题:What is the article mainly about?             

           AChanges in UK people’s breakfast habits.

           BThe revival (复兴) of the traditional British breakfast.

           CWhy people have stopped having the traditional British breakfast.

           DHow young people today treat the traditional British breakfast

    七、短文填空  阅读短文,然后在空格处写出适当的单词,单词首字母已给出。(共12个空,做对一个得1分,共10分)

    Wang Yaping is a Chinese spacewoman. She has made history when she was thirty-three years old—she has been China’s f      (66) teacher in space.

    Wang t     (67) Chinese primary and middle school students on Earth physics phenomena(现象)in space. She prepared w     (68) for the lecture and expressed full confidence about the lesson.

    Meeting the media, she said, “We are all s      (69) facing the space. We are l       (70)

    forward to encouraging our young friends to learn and research the mystical and beautiful space. ”

    Wang was born in J      (71) 1980. She is f       (72) east China’s Shandong Province. She was a pilot in the People’s Liberation Army Air Force with experience of 1,600 h      (73) of flying.

    Except the space lecture, Wang w        (74) responsible(负责的) for monitoring(监测) the conditions of spacecraft, space experiments and operation of equipment, among others.

    Wang has served the People’s Liberation Army s     (75) August 1997.  In May 2010, Wang b     (76) a member of the second batch of Chinese astronauts. Wang was chosen to be the member of the Shenzhou-10 space group in April 2013. She was China’s second woman astronaut w     (77) was sent into space after Liu Yang who flew with the Shenzhou-9 spacecraft.

    How great Wang Yaping is!

    八、补全对话  阅读下面对话,在空格处填入适当的句子,使补全后的对话意思完整,结构合理,上下连贯。每个空格处只能填写一个句子。(每小题2分,共8分)

    Wang Wei:  Hello! This is Wang Wei speaking. (78)                                 ?

    Michael:    Hi, Wang Wei. This is Michael speaking. Are you free today?

    Wang Wei:  Yes. Michael, I’m writing a passage and I want to make a survey about plants and animals.   (79)                                                  ?

    Michael:    I like plants better. I think roses are the nicest of all the flowers.

    Wang Wei:  But they can’t play with you.

    Michael:    What about you, Wang Wei?

    Wang Wei:  (80)                                   . I think animals are friendlier.

    Michael:    (81)                                                            ?

    Wang Wei:  Because animals are our friends. They make us happy.

    Michael:    Do you keep a pet?

    Wang Wei:  Sure. I keep a pet bird. It is beautiful. It can sing to me every day.

    Michael:   Wonderful! We should all like plants and animals.

    Wang Wei:  They are both important to us. We share the same world with them.

    九、书面表达  (共12分)

    课外活动可以让我们增长知识,发展智力,开阔视野和塑造性格。许多学校创造性地开展了课外活动,如朗诵、唱歌、讲故事、演话剧、办刊物以及举办各种体育活动等。

    最近,某中学生英文报开设了“After-class Activities”的栏目。请你根据以下提示,为该栏目写一篇英文稿件,并鼓励同学们积极参加课外活动。

    1.你校开展课外活动的情况;

    2.你参加过的课外活动及给你带来的益处;

    3.为同学选择课外活动或为学校开设课外活动提出建议。

           注意:1.词数80以上;

                 2.文中不得提及具体人名、校名及地名;

                 3.稿件的开头已为你写好(不计入总词数)。

        提示词:take part in   sports   interesting   favourite

    After-class Activities

    Nowadays, after-class activities are becoming more and more popular in junior schools.  

                                                                                 

                                                                                  

                                                                                  

                                                                                 


    英语参考答案及评分说明

    第一部分  听力测试

    一、听对话选图(每小题1分,共5分)

    1-5 CABAA

    二、对话理解(每小题1.5分,共15分)

    6-10 BABAC                           11-15 BBCBA

    三、短文理解 (每小题2分,共10分)

    16-20 AABCB

    第二部分  笔试部分

    四、单项填空(每小题1分,共15分)

    21-25 BCBAC                           26-30 ACDDB              31-35 DCBDB

    五、完形填空(每小题1分,共15分)

    36-40 CACDA                           41-45 BABCB               46-50 ADCBD

    六、阅读理解(每小题2分,共30分)

    51-55 DACBA                           56-60 BCADC

    61.事实上研究表明,三分之二的英国人根本不吃早餐。(意思相近的中文表达也算对)

    62He wasn’t British.

    He wasn’t from England/the UK.

    He didn’t come from England/the UK.

    63①shower; ④carry

    64eat;  daily.

    65A

    七、短文填空(共12个空,做对一个得1分,共10分)

    66first   67taught   68well  69students  70looking  71January/June/July

    72from   73hours   74was  75since     76became  77who

    八、补全对话(本大题共4个小题,每小题2,8分。说明:与提供答案意思相同、表达正确的英文也算对;如果语法、语义正确,而单词拼写有误,则每处扣0.5分。)

    78. May/Could I speak to Michael? /Is that Michael?

    79. Which do you like better/prefer, plants or animals?

    80. I like animals better. /I prefer animals.

    评分项目

    分值

     

      

    书写规范

    2

    2

    1

    0

    标点及大小写错误0-1个属好,2-4个属中,5个以上属差。

    长度适中

    2

    2

    1

    0

    80-120词属好,30-79词或120词以上属中,29词以下属差。(范文词数仅供参考)

    要点齐全

    4

    4

    3

    1

    每个要点1分,允许合理想象。

    句子通顺

    语言准确

    4

    4

    3

    1

    单词及语法错误0-1个属好,2-4个属中,5个以上属差。

    81. Why do you think so?/Why do you like them/animals?

    九、书面表达(本大题共1个小题,12)

    After-class Activities

    Nowadays, after-class activities are becoming more and more popular in junior schools. In our school there are various kinds of activities, for example, arts and sports. We enjoy them very much. Playing football and reading are my favorites which do me lots of good. Besides building my body and improving my skills, they also free me from the heavy work of study.

    Here I have some suggestions. To students, we’d better choose the activities which interest us and suit us; Schools should organize more activities for students and leave more time for activities by giving us less homework.

    Dear friends, please actively take part in after-activities, which will not only make your school life colorful, but also improve your learning.   (110 words)



      
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