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  • 试题:

    2015年兰州市初中毕业生学业考试

         语(A

    注意事项:

    1.全卷共150分,考试时间120分钟。

    2.考生必须将姓名、准考证号、考场、座位号等个人信息填(涂)写在答题卡上。

    3.考生务必将答案直接填(涂)写在答题卡的相应位置上。

    、听力理解(分5小节,共25小题;每小题1分,满分25分)

    第一节:听句子,选择与所听内容相符的图片。每个句子读两遍。              


    A                 B                        C                          D                     E

    1. ___________   2. ___________  3. ___________     4. ___________     5. ___________

    第二节:听句子选择恰当的应答语。每个句子读两遍。

    6.  A. French.                           B. Red.                               C. Taxi.

    7.  A. Hold on, please.               B. Have a good time!            C. What a pity!

    8.  A. About two hours.             B. For 5 years.                            C. Almost twice a week.

    9.  A. Well done!                      B. No, thanks.                      C. Sure, my pleasure.

    10.   A. I really enjoy it.               B. Take it easy.                     C. Go ahead.

    第三节:听对话及问题,选择能回答所提问题的最佳答案。每段对话读两遍。

    11. What did Linda have for breakfast?

    A. Beef noodles.                  B. Porridge.                         C. Bread.

    12. How does Susan improve her reading?

    A. By taking notes.               B. By studying with a group. C. By reading for fun.

    13. Why is Mrs. Black so happy?

    A. Because it’s her birthday.  B. Because her son’s coming. C. Because her books sell well.

    14. Where is the Tower of London?

    A. Near Big Ben.                 B. Next to Tower Bridge.      C. Across from London Eye.

    15.   What does Tom’s math teacher look like?

    A. He’s tall and handsome.    B. He’s a little bit heavy.              C. He’s kind of short.

    第四节:听长对话,根据其内容选出能回答下列问题的最佳答案。对话读两遍。

    16. Who is Tina going to meet?

    A. Miss Bell.                 B. Mr. Trent.                   C. Mr. Bell.

    17. What time is the flight supposed to arrive?

    A. 11:45.                  B. 12:15.                      C. 15:30.

    18. Where did Tina’s friend fly from?

    A. Beijing, China.              B. Tokyo, Japan.                  C. Toronto, Canada.

    19. What’s the flight number?

    A. It’s KZ 632.              B. It’s FZ 362.                   C. It’s OZ 326.

    20. Where would Tina like to meet her friend?

    A. At a coffee shop.        B. At a tea shop.               C. At a book shop.

    第五节:听短文,根据其内容填写下面短文中所缺的信息。短文读三遍。(每空限填一词)

    注:请将此节的答案填写在答题卡非选择题部分的相应位置上。

    London has many museums, and one of the most 21.               is the British Museum. Thousands of people visit it every 22.              . Lots of interesting things from different times and places can be seen there. The British Museum is very serious, so there’s no shouting and no running. People mustn’t make a noise, and they mustn’t 23.               the exhibits (展品). Photography 24.               allowed in the British Museum, so it’s a good idea to visit the museum shop and you can buy postcards there. The museum is free for everyone, so you can visit it as 25.               as you like.

    二、单项选择(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

    阅读下列各题,从题后选项中选择一个最佳答案。

    26.   The Browns had a party with their neighbors yesterday. _______ all enjoyed themselves.

           A. We                          B. You                         C. Them                       D. They

    27.   _______ have you lived in Lanzhou?

           Since my parents found jobs here.

           A. How long                 B. How far                   C. How soon                 D. How old

    28. I paid 10 for _______ this morning.

           A. 4 bottle milks           B. 4 bottles of milk              C. 4 bottles of milks      D. 4 milk

    29.   What does the sign     mean?

           A. No parking.                     B. No photos.               C. No eating.                D. No smoking.

    30.   I _______ with my parents when he rang me up yesterday afternoon.

           A. am shopping             B. am shoping               C. was shopping            D. was shoping

    31. This is your order, a sandwich and an apple pie. _______

    I’ll have it here.

           A. For here or to go?     B. Something to drink?  C. Anything else?          D. Is that OK?      

    32.   He ate a lot and did little exercise, so he _______ 10 pounds.

           A. put on                      B. put away                  C. put out                            D. put off

    33. Li Ming, do you know _______ this year?

    It’s on June 20th.

           A. when is the Dragon Boat Festival                   B. when is the Mid-autumn Festival

           C. when the Mid-autumn Festival is                   D. when the Dragon Boat Festival is

    34.   This place _______ a factory but now it is a park.

           A. used to being            B. used to be                 C. is used to                  D. using to be

    35. I wonder if this smart phone is Mary’s.

           It _______ belong to her. _______ is totally different from this one.

           A. mustn’t; Her             B. can’t; Her                 C. can’t; Hers               D. may; Hers

    36. He has ordered a watch on line for his father and it _______ to him before Father’s Day. 

           A. send                        B. will be sent               C. was sent                   D. sent

    37. _______ of the land in that district is covered with trees and grass.

           A. Fifth two                 B. Two fifth                  C. Fifth second             D. Two fifths

    38.   How do you like this house?

           _______ It’s everything I’ve been looking for.

           A. Terrible!                  B. Perfect!                    C. Awful!                            D. Delicious!

    39. She says that she’ll have to close the shop _______ business improves.

           A. if                                   B. or                            C. unless                      D. because

    40. Which sound goes with the word “fiction”?

    三、完形填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

    阅读下面的短文,从短文后各题所给的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳答案。

    A

    Once there lived an unhappy king who slept badly and didn’t feel like eating anything. This made   41   queen and his people worried. A doctor was called in to   42   him. The doctor said it’s all in his mind instead of his body. So   43   medicine nor rest could help him but a shirt of a happy person.

    The prime minister was called to the palace. When hearing the king’s situation, he said, “Although I have much power, it doesn’t make me   44  . I’m always worried about losing it.” Then, the king’s banker came and said he had lots of wealth, but he also worried about losing it. He was never happy, either. Next, the palace singer came and his words were almost the same.

    Finally, the top general was told to find a happy man in   45   time. Luckily, he found a poor man without power, money or fame singing happily on a street. The general asked him

      46   made him so happy. The poor man answered that he had everything he wanted and he didn’t want those he couldn’t have. His songs came from the happiness in his heart. When the general asked for the man’s shirt,   47  , the man said, “What shirt? I don’t own any shirts!”

    41. A. a                             B. an                            C. the                    D. /

    42. A. examine                   B. notice                      C. look                  D. watch

    43. A. none                        B. neither                            C. both                  D. all

    44.   A. happily                    B. unhappily                 C. unhappy            D. happy

    45. A. three day                  B. three days’               C. three day’s         D. three-days

    46. A. that                         B. which                      C. what                 D. where

    47. A. to his surprise           B. after all                    C. as usual            D. in total

    B

    Bees live in a house that is called a hive. There are three kinds of bees: workers, drones (雄蜂)   48   queens. Only one queen bee can live in each hive. If she is lost or dead, the other bees   49   their work.

    Workers are very clever and busy. They all join together   50   small rooms called cells of wax for their honey. Each worker bee does its own work. Some go out and collect honey from the flowers;   51   stay at home and work inside the hive. The cells   52   have six sides are made by worker bees. Did you ever look into a glass hive and see them while at work? It is   53   to see how busy they always are. Before winter comes, all the drones are driven from the hive   54   they don’t eat the honey they did not collect.

    It is not safe   55   children to be too close to bees. Bees have painful stings

    they use in their defense (防御).

    48. A. and                          B. or                            C. but                   D. either

    49. A. are stopped               B. stops                        C. will stop            D. stopped

    50. A. builds                      B. built                        C. build                 D. to build

    51. A. the other                  B. others                      C. another             D. other

    52. A. who                         B. whom                      C. which               D. /

    53. A. pleasant                   B. boring                      C. scary                 D. tiring

    54. A. in order to                B. so as to                    C. as long as          D. so that

    55. A. to                            B. for                           C. in                            D. with

    四、阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

    阅读下面三段材料,根据材料内容和要求,从题后选项中选择一个最佳答案。

    A


                                        


    B


    阅读以上节选自学校国际文化周活动中的海报,根据其内容回答下列各个小题。

    56. What time do western people usually have dinner?

    A. About midday.                                      B. At 5:00 in the afternoon.  

    C. Around 7 p.m. or even later.                  D. Before 7:00 in the afternoon.  

    57. Most food in the West is eaten with ______________.

    A. spoons                     B. chopsticks         C. fingers                     D. knives and forks

    58. What will a host probably say to a guest at the start of a meal?

    A. “Can I help you?”                                B. “Eat slowly!” 

    C. “Help yourself!”                                  D. “Could you serve me?”

    59. When might people want to say, “I’m sorry, I can’t eat this.”?

    A. If they’ve been given something they don’t like.                  B. If they are full.

    C. If the hosts keep offering a lot of food to them.                           D. If they are not hungry.

    60. Which of the following is helpful when you’re in the West according to the poster?

    A. You can leave as soon as you’ve finished eating.

    B. If you don’t know what to do, just watch the others and do as they do.

    C. You can’t eat chicken legs with your fingers.

    D. The fork is held in your right hand and the knife in your left.             

    B

    Other people, other places

    Different schools, different faces

    Please don’t feel bad and grieve

    On the day you take your leave

    But celebrate and raise your glass

    And say goodbye to all your class

     

    The end of school is here at last

    It has come so very fast

    We look ahead with such delight

    The future looks so very bright

    It’s now time to say goodbye

    We’re all leaving junior high

     
    Moving On


    阅读以上诗歌,根据其内容回答下列各个小题。

    61. According to the poem, ______________ has come so fast.

    A. the end of school      B. the exam                  C. the celebration   D. the new class

    62. What does the underlined word delight mean?

    A. Sickness.                  B. Sadness.                C. Happiness.         D. Fairness.

    63. What’s waiting for you all according to the poem?

    A. Too many subjects.    B. The same school.    C. Similar faces.    D. A new life.

    64. This poem can probably be used ______________.

          A. in a welcome party   B. in a birthday party  C. on a prom night D. on a Silent Night

    65. The purpose of this poem is to ______________.

    A. tell us to say thanks to all our teachers           

    B. encourage us to be positive and move on our senior high

    C. tell us that we should do something for our junior high schools

    D. remind us of our happy junior high life

    C

    Earthquakes usually come without warning. What should you do if this happens to you? An earthquake is dangerous, but there are still things you can do to protect yourself.

    ¨  Stay calm as the earth begins to shake. Your chances of survival (幸存;存活) in an earthquake go up if you can keep calm. 66.      

    ¨  67.        You need to have something strong around you to protect you from falling objects. Do not stand near walls or windows and stay out of the kitchen. The kitchen is dangerous because of many glass objects.

    ¨  68.        Stay away from buildings and trees. If you are in a car, pull over to a place where there are no trees or tall buildings and stay in the car. If you are close to the sea, try to get as far away from the water as possible. Earthquakes can cause huge waves that can really harm the people nearby.

    ¨  69.        For example, gas fire often comes with an earthquake. If you see a fire, quickly move outdoors to an open area.

    Remember to always hope for the best but prepare for the worst.

    阅读以上短文,从文后表格中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,使文意通顺、正确;根据短文内容回答第70小题。

    A. If you are outside, get to an open area as fast as you can.

    B. Staying calm is not easy, but it can save your life.

    C. If you are inside when the earthquake starts, get under a table or a bed.

    D. When the earthquake is over, there is still plenty of danger.

     


    70. What is the passage mainly about?

    A. The ways to protect yourself when an earthquake happens.

    B. The ways to stay away from tall buildings.

    C. The ways to stay calm.

    D. The ways to move outdoors to an open area.

    五、任务型完形填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

    阅读下面的短文,用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空,使文意通顺、正确。(每个单词限用一次)

    should    use   dangerous   habit    spend    much    safely   at   it   although

     


    Overhead bridges are found in many parts of Lanzhou, especially in places where traffic is heavy and crossing the road is very 71.          .

    The purpose of these overhead bridges is to enable passengers to cross road 72.          . Overhead bridges are used in very much the same way as zebra crossings. They are more efficient

    73.          less convenient because people have to climb up a long flight of steps. This is inconvenient especially to old people. When passengers are 74.          a zebra crossing, traffic is held up. This is why the government has built many overhead bridges to help passengers and to keep traffic moving

    75.          the same time.

    The government of Lanzhou has 76.          lots of money in building these bridges. For their own safety, passengers 77.          be encouraged to use them instead of risking their lives by running across the road. Old people, however, may find 78.          a little difficult climbing up and down the steps, but it is still 79.          safer than walking across the road with all the dangerous of moving traffic.

    Overhead bridges serve a very useful purpose. Passengers, both old and young, should make a 80.          to use them. This will prevent unnecessary accidents and loss of life.

    六、任务型阅读理解(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

    阅读下面的短文并按要求完成后面的小题。

    Our dog Abbey died last month. My 4-year-old daughter Lucy missed her a lot and asked if we could write a letter to God to make sure he could look after Abbey well. I told Lucy that I thought we could, and she dictated (口述) these words:

    We put the letter in an envelope with a picture of Abbey and Lucy and addressed it to God/Heaven. Yesterday, we received a package addressed, “To Lucy” with this note:


    81.   将文中①处画线内容,连词成句。___________________________________

    82. 将文中②处画线句子翻译成汉语。__________________________________

    83. 将文中③处画线句子改写为感叹句。(每空限填一词)

           ____________ ____________ wonderful mother you have!

    84. Who helped Lucy write the letter to God? (回答最多不超过三词) ____________

    85. Where can we find God according to the passage? (回答最多不超过六词) ________

    七、口语交际(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

    阅读下面的对话,根据上下文,从方框内选择恰当的选项补全对话,使句意完整、符合逻辑。(其中有两项为多余选项)注:请将此题答案涂写在答题卡选择题部分的相应位置上。

    On a hot summer day, Bob is talking to his friend Ann at the beach.( B is for Bob; A is for Ann.)

    B: Hi, Ann! I’m really happy to see you again. How’s it going?

    A: 86.         Nice to see you, too!

    B: It’s great that you come to join us!

    A: I came because I like your idea: when you        give, you’re rich.

    B: Right. That’s why we had this plan to get our clean beach back. 87.         I remember he had the same idea and said he would try his best to come over.

    A: I don’t think he’s coming. He just called and said it’s too hot today and he wouldn’t come.

    B: 88.         He always says, “We can do this and that….”

    A: Don’t you know him? He only pays lip service to what should be done but seldom does anything.

    B: I see. 89.         Steve and Helen will come and help us soon.

    A: That’s great. 90.         Should we pick up those bottles first?

    B: Sure, let’s go.

    八、词汇考查(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

    用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空。

    91.   Lao She was a great           (write) and he’s especially famous for his play, Teahouse.

    92. Would you mind           (take) out the trash, Jerry?

    93.   The girl is going to repair the bike by           (she).

    94. Although he lives on the           (twelve) floor, he seldom uses the lift.

    95. He              (not come) yet. What do you think has happened to him?

    96. This           (wood) bridge was built more than 20 years ago.

    97. Mom couldn’t stand the mess in my room, so she asked me          (clean) it right now.

    98. The road to           (successful) is never straight.

    99. The water           (feel) cool when I jumped into the pool for morning exercise.

    100. He’d like to get some suggestions on how to learn           (wise) and well.

    九、按要求完成句子(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

    根据所给汉语提示完成下列句子。(每空限填一词)

    101. 据报道越来越多的兰州市民愿意参与一年一度的“兰马赛”。

    It’s reported that            and            Lanzhou citizens would like to take part in Lanzhou International Marathon.

    102. 服用此药前,请仔细阅读说明。

           Read the instructions            before you            the medicine.

    103. 五泉山坐落于兰州南部。

           Wuquan Mountain lies            the            of Lanzhou.

    104. “别害怕犯错,我们可以从错误中学到东西!”老师说。

    “Don’t                        of making mistakes and we can learn from them!” said the teacher.

    105. 我相信兰州能够创建出一个更好的环境,我们应该努力去实现它。

    I do believe that a better environment can be created in Lanzhou and we should all work together to make it                       .

    十、书面表达(满分15分)

    同学们,在刚才的阅读中我们了解到一些有关西方饮食文化的有趣知识。现在某国外旅游杂志向你约稿,请你以 When in China, do as the Chinese do!为题写一篇文章,向西方读者介绍我们中国的饮食文化。以下是此杂志社发来的稿件要求,请仔细阅读,完成写作。


    要求:内容合理;要点齐全;句子及篇章结构准确、连贯;书写规范。


    2015年兰州市初中毕业生学业考试

    英语(A)参考答案及评分标准

    、听力理解 (分5小节,共25小题;每小题1分,满分25分)

    1-5 CDABE           6-10 ABCCA         11-15 ACCBA               16-20 CBCBA

    21. popular            22. year                 23. touch                      24. isn’t         25. often

    二、单项选择 (共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

    26-30 DABDC       31-35 AADBC      36-40 BDBCA                    

    三、完形填空 (共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

    41-45 CABDB       46-50 CAACD       51-55 BCADB

    四、阅读理解 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

    56-60 CDCAB       61-65 ACDCB              66-70 BCADA

    五、任务型完形填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

    71. dangerous        72. safely                     73. although                 74. using        75. at

    76. spent               77. should             78. it                            79. much        80. habit

    六、任务型阅读理解(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

    81. Will you please take care of my dog? / Will you take care of my dog, please?

    82. 她的灵魂与我同在,就像常在你心中一样。(回答符合此意,均可酌情给分)

    83. What; a

    84. Her mother. / Lucy’s mother. (回答符合此意,均可酌情给分)

    85. God is wherever there is love. (回答符合此意,均可酌情给分)

    七、口语交际(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

    86-90 DGBAE

    八、词汇考查(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

    91. writer                     92. taking                     93. herself                    94. twelfth      95. hasn’t come

    96. wood / wooden 97. to clean            98. success                    99. felt           100. wisely

    九、按要求完成句子(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

    101. more; more    102. carefully; take                                    103. in; south

    104. be afraid        105. come true

    十、书面表达 (满分15分)

    One possible version

    When in China, do as the Chinese do!

    Meals in China are different in some ways from meals in the West. In China, lunch is usually served around 12 o’clock. As for dinner, Chinese people eat it much earlier than people in the West. Chopsticks are used to eat most food. Generally, for dinner, there’ll be lots of different dishes, not just three courses. Besides, Chinese people like to talk about food, so it’s a good topic during a meal. The golden rule is: when you’re in China, watch the Chinese and do as they do!

    书面表达评分标准:

    先根据文章整体内容和语言表达确定档次,然后在该档次内评出分数。

    第五档:(15~13分)

    很好地完成了规定的写作任务。包含所有内容要点,结构完整,语句流畅,意思清楚、连贯。使用较为丰富的语法结构和词汇,语法和词汇错误极少,格式正确,书写规范。

    第四档:(12~10分)

    较好地完成了规定的写作任务。基本上包含所有内容要点,结构较为完整,语句完整,意思清楚。语法结构和词汇错误较少,格式基本正确,书写较为规范。

    第三档:(9~7分)

    基本上完成了规定的写作任务。包含主要内容要点,结构欠完整,少数语句不通顺,意思基本清楚。语法结构和词汇错误较多,格式基本正确,书写基本规范。

    第二档:(6~4分)

    未能按要求完成规定的写作任务。只包含少数内容要点,结构不完整,多数语句欠完整,意思不够清楚。语法结构和词汇错误较多,影响理解,格式不够正确,书写欠规范。

    第一档:(3~0分)

    未能按要求完成规定的写作任务。只写出个别要点,结构不完整,多数语句不完整或意思不明,语法和词汇错误很多,书写不规范。



      
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