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    2015年浙江省初中毕业学业考试(台州卷)

                           试题卷 

    亲爱的考生:

    欢迎参加考试!请你认真审题,仔细答题,发挥最佳水平。答题时,请注意以下几点:

    1. 全卷共10页。满分120分。考试时间100分钟。

    2. 答案必须写在答题纸相应的位置上,写在试题卷、草稿纸上无效。

    3. 答题前,请认真阅读答题纸上的“注意事项”,按规定答题。

                             

    说明: 卷一共四大题, 50小题, 满分75分。

    第一部分听力部分

    一、听力(本题有15小题,第一节每小题1分,第二、三节每小题2分,共计25分)

    第一节:听小对话,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项。

    1. What will Mary wear to the party?

    A.    B.     C.

              

    2. What’s the matter with Judy?  

    A.                               B.                         C.

    3. How did Karen feel about the talk show?

    A.       B. C.

    4. Which festival are the speakers talking about?

    A.   B.                      C.     

    5. Where does the conversation probably take place?  

    A.                                      B.                            C.  

    第二节:听较长对话,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项。

    听下面一段较长对话,回答第67两个小题。

    6. How long has Sandy had the watch?

       A. Six years.                         B. Eight years.                            C. Ten years.           

    7. Why has Sandy kept the watch till now?

    A. Because it is very expensive.           

    B. Because she bought it in America.

    C. Because her grandma gave it to her.     

    听下面一段较长对话,回答第8~10三个小题。

    8. When was the old town built?

       A. Tang Dynasty.                   B. Song Dynasty.                 C. Ming Dynasty.

    9. What is the old town famous for?

       A. Green tea.                         B. Paper cutting.                  C. Chinese clay.    

    10. How many visitors does the town receive every year?

       A. About 20,000.                   B. About 60,000.                  C. About 80,000.   

    第三节:听独白,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,完成信息表。

                      Book Card

        Name:    11  

        Writer: Johnson Hawking

        Date published(出版日期):    12  

        Kind of the book:    13  

        Content(内容):    14  

        Advantage:    15  

     


    11. A. Animal World             B. Amazing Sea                    C. Under the Water

    12. A. March, 2012                     B. May, 2013                       C. July, 2014

    13. A. history                       B. science                            C. art

    14. A. facts about the sea life B. sights of the sea              C. ways to save water

    15. A. funny stories          B. beautiful words                C. colorful pictures

    第二部分  笔试部分

    二、完形填空(本题有15小题,每小题1, 共计15分)

    阅读下面短文,掌握大意,然后从各题所给的四个选项中选出一个最佳选项。

    Once there was a rich man named Chulong.

    One day, he was walking in his garden when he saw a strange   16   with beautiful features(特征) and sweet voice in a tree. Chulong   17   went near the tree and caught the bird, which he thought he could   18   and get lots of money.

    “Don’t think about making money through me!” said the bird, “  19   will buy me, because, in imprisonment (监禁), I lose my beauty and sweet voice.” Chulong’s hope of making money was shattered. He became angry and wanted to   20   the bird for the meat.

    Then the   21   bird suggested, “Well, set me free. In return I shall teach you   22      simple but useful rules, which can do good to you.”

    Chulong didn’t believe the bird   23  , and he was afraid that the bird would fly away. However, the bird   24   it would keep its word(守信). Chulong wanted to take a risk. He set the bird free and it sat on the branch of a tree. It became   25   again.

    Chulong asked, “Now teach me the rules.” “Certainly,” said the bird.

    Then the bird taught Chulong the   26  : The first rule is Never believe everything others say. The second rule is Never be sad about something you don’t have. The third rule is Never throw away what you have in your hand.

    “You silly bird,” shouted Chulong, “These rules are known to everyone. You   27   me.”

    But the bird said, “Today, you had me in your hand, but you threw me away. You believed all that I said. And you are sad about not having me.   28   the rules are simple, you have never followed them. Now have you got the   29   of the rules? Just sit down and think for a while.” With these words, the bird   30   and disappeared from his sight.

    16. A. cat                                 B. bird                         C. panda                       D. monkey

    17. A. proudly                          B. freely                   C. slowly                     D. weakly

    18. A. eat                                 B. study                   C. draw                       D. sell

    19. A. Nobody             B. Somebody            C. Anybody                 D. Everybody

    20. A. find                       B. borrow              C. smell                    D. kill

    21. A. busy                    B. helpful                            C. clever                   D. lucky

    22. A. three                 B. four                          C. five                        D. six

    23. A. for ever                 B. later on                  C. at first                  D. at last

    24. A. promised                  B. remembered         C. guessed                  D. hoped

    25. A. ugly                 B. beautiful                C. lazy                        D. hard-working 

    26. A. songs                     B. languages               C. rules                       D. skills

    27. A. cheated              B. helped                    C. found                      D. forgot

    28. A. Until                     B. Unless                  C. If                                  D. Although

    29. A. history                    B. value                  C. reason                 D. connection

    30. A. woke up                  B. fell down               C. flew away               D. held on

    三、阅读理解(本题有15小题,每小题2分,共计30分)

        阅读下面材料,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中选出最佳选项。

    The World with Its Countries

                            

                             The world with its countries,

                             Mountains and seas,

                             People and creatures(动物)

                              Flowers and trees,

                             The fish in the waters,

                             The birds in the air

                             Are calling to ask us

                             All to take care.

                             These are our treasures,

                             A gift from above,

                             We should say thank you

                             With a care that shows love

                             For the blue of the ocean,

                             The clearness of the    ,

                             The wonders of the forests

                             And the valleys(山谷) so fair.

                             The song of the sky bird,

                             The warmth of the sun,

    The rushing of clear streams(溪流)

                                               And new life begun

                                               Are gifts we should cherish(珍惜)

                                               So join in the call

                                               To try to protect them

                                               For the future of all.

    31. The writing is a (an)        .

    A. ad                     B. letter                     C. diary                 D. poem                      

    32. The writing tells us we need to        .

    A. protect our earth                            B. save the time

    C. look after ourselves                  D. help each other       

    33. The following word “       ” is the best for       .

    A. hair            B. air                         C. fun            D. sun

    B

    Roald Dahl was one of the most successful writers of children’s books. He sold millions of books all over the world. Many of his books have been made into films and videos. He is so famous that there is even a Roald Dahl Museum you can visit.

    Roald Dahl was born in 1916 in Wales, Britain. His father was rich but he died when Roald was very young. Roald and his mother lived a hard life. He had to leave school and went to Africa where he worked for an oil company.

        In 1939 Roald became a pilot, but he had a bad accident. It made him limp(瘸的) for the rest of his life. After this, Roald went to America where he wrote a story about his experience as a pilot. It was so good that it was put in a magazine.

      Roald married an American film star. They bought a house in England and had five children. From 1960 to 1965,     : Theo, one of his children, was hit by a taxi and was seriously hurt. Olivia, one of Roald’s daughters, died of a strange illness. Soon after this, his wife also had a serious illness. It took her years to get completely better.

     Gradually Roald became more and more successful. He always did his writing in an old shed() at the back of his house. He always sat in the same old armchair with a wooden board on his lap.

     “One of the nice things about being a writer,” he once said, “is that all you need is what you’ve got in your head and a pencil and a bit of paper.”

      In 1983 Roald won a big prize for his book The BFG. During his life, Roald wrote many famous books, such as Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, Matilda, Fantastic Mr. Fox.

      After he died in 1990, Roald left money to help people with serious illnesses and those with problems with reading and writing.                                                                                   

    34. Roald Dahl was famous as a (an)        

    A. doctor                B. teacher                     C. actor                 D. writer

    35. After Roald went to America, he        .

    A. lost his parents in a plane accident

    B. wrote a story about his pilot experience

    C. got married with an English film star

    D. won a big prize for his book Matilda

    36. Which of the following is the best for the blank in Paragraph 4?

    A. they lived a happy life                             B. three terrible things happened

    C. he went on writing books                         D. he created some unlucky characters

    37. What Roald said in Paragraph 6 mainly shows that        .

    A. being a writer was a popular job at that time

    B. one needs to practice a lot if he wants to be a writer

    C. Roald loved writing very much and was talented in it

    D. though he was successful, Roald lived a simple life

                                        C                                                        

    “Am I my brother’s keeper?” The question comes from the Bible(圣经). In the Bible, Cain kills his brother Abel. When God asks Cain where Abel is, he replies, “I don’t know. Am I my brother’s keeper?” by which he means, “Am I responsible (有责任心的) for my brotherhis safety and health?” The answer, of course, is “Yes, you are.”

        This sense of responsibility for others is basic to all good societies. And also it is basic to what we call “civil(文明的) society”. China is now working on building a civil society and the high schools in Shanghai want students to take part in that through volunteering. They are supposed to do sixty class hours of volunteer work before graduation. This is something new in China, but it is not new in other countries.

    In the Canadian province of Ontario, high school students are required to do forty hours of volunteering. In some American states, the volunteering requirement is one hundred hours. These students spend about an hour a week during the school year and summer vacations, helping the poor, the sick and the old. They also teach young children to read and help to clean up the environment. And studies have shown that this volunteering experience influences students a lot after graduation.

       Some of you may be thinking, “Gee, sixty class hours is a lot. How can I find the time?” In fact, if you finish it in three years, you only need to do the work about three class hours a month. And the time is well spent if it helps you realize that “being your brother’s keeper” makes you a better person and makes society a better place for everyone.

                                 

    38. A Shanghai high school student should finish        class hours of volunteer work before graduation.

    A. thirty                        B. forty                 C. sixty                 D. one hundred 

    39. The underlined word “that” in Paragraph 2 refers to “       ”.

    A. building a civil society                           B. reading the Bible

    C. doing the volunteer work                        D. playing more sports

    40. According to the writer, “being your brother’s keeper” means “       ”.

    A. being a good school student                            B. being responsible for others

    C. taking good care of your brother                     D. doing volunteer work with your brother

    41. The main purpose of the writing is to        .

    A. tell students where to do volunteer work

    B. give advice on how to be a good volunteer

    C. encourage students to do more volunteer work 

    D. introduce volunteer work in different countries

                                         

    D   

    The Vine That Ate the South

    Kudzu is a fast-growing vine(蔓生植物) that covers a large area in the southern United States. It is so common that one might think it is a native plant, but it is not. Kudzu was brought to the United States from Japan in 1876. Many Americans thought it was beautiful, and they began to plant it. They didn’t know it could grow up to a foot a day during the summer months. Nor did they know it would grow up and over anything in its path(路径).

    In Japan, kudzu experienced cold winters and a short growing season. But in the United States, it has a very long growing season with warm and wet southern weather. It is fine weather for the vine to grow fast.

    In the 1920s, people used the vine to feed farm animals. Ten years later, the government supported to plant kudzu because it kept soil(土壤) from washing away. However, by the 1950s, the government no longer wanted people to plant the vine. Twenty years after that, the government said it was a harmful plant.

    The vine grows up trees and buildings, making some beautiful shapes. However, trees die after kudzu covers them because they can not get enough light. Scientists are looking for ways to kill the vine. They used poisons(毒药) to kill the vine. However, some of the poisons made it grow even better. Scientists also find it difficult to dig up Kudzu. The plant is really tough.

    Because kudzu is so hard to kill, some people are making the best of it. So they try to find different uses for the vine. They find the vine can be used to make paper and baskets, it can be used to feed the goats, and it can even be eaten by people. Scientists are studying it in the hope that the vine can be used as a medicine. At the very least, kudzu serves as an example of the unexpected results that can come from non-native plants.

    42. We can learn from the passage that        .

    A. kudzu mostly grows in the northern America            

    B. kudzu was brought to Japan from America

    C. kudzu grows very fast in warm and wet weather

    D. American government has never supported to plant kudzu

    43. The underlined word “tough” in Paragraph 4 probably means “       ”.

    A.       not easily broken   B. widely used    C. hard to grow      D. important to one’s health

    44. The last paragraph is mostly about        .

    A.       how quickly the vine grows               B. how people use the vine

    C. why people want to kill the vine          D. why people eat the vine

    45. The writer uses the title “The Vine That Ate the South” most probably to        .

    A. let readers know kudzu is a vine          B. interest readers in a humorous way 

    C. tell readers the vine is a kind of food   D. get readers to realize the passage is serious

    四、任务型阅读(本题有5小题,每小题1分,共计5分)

    假设你是你校英文报的专栏作者,下面这篇你的文章在排版时段落顺序出错,请根据你的写作框架,重新将A-D四个段落填入第46-49小题相应的横线上,并完成第50小题。

    In a word, it’s good for us students to join school clubs to develop ourselves in an all-round (全面的)way. Why not choose a club right now and go for it?

     
    A.

    Nowadays, some students think joining school clubs influences their studies. But I don’t think so. I think it’s important for us students to choose our favorite club and join it.

     
    B.

    Li Hong from Class 3 was once a shy girl. But after joining the club, she works on her abilities by helping others in study and organizing activities. She now becomes more outgoing. “As teenagers, we should not always get ‘buried’ in our books,” said Zhang Xuan, my deskmate, “I am now in an English drama(戏剧) club, in which I can both practice my English and improve my acting skills.

     


    C.

    School clubs play an important part in our school lives. They can make our lives better, and improve us as well. In the clubs, we can develop our hobbies and interests. By joining clubs, not only can we get skills and knowledge but also experience and friendship.

     
    D.


                                         

                                         

    50. What’s the main subject(主题) of this writing?

       A. Making friends.                    B. Learning English.

       C. Joining school clubs.                D. Doing part-time jobs.

                                          卷 二

    说明:卷二有三大题,26小题,满分45分。

    五、词汇运用(本题有15小题,每小题1分,共计15分)

    A.用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空。每词仅用一次,每空一词。

              safety    our      polite      since    public

     


    51. I have made a lot of good friends         I came to this school.

    【答案】since

    【解析】句意:是自从来到这所学校,我已经交了很多朋友。这个句子有明显的时态特征,看到have made, 就可得知选since.

    52. Linda used to be too shy to speak in         , but now she is outgoing.

    【答案】public

    【解析】句意:Linda 之前在公众面前很害羞,但是现在她很外向。in public 在公众,在公共场所,考查的是一个固定词组

    53. The man asked         , “Could you please tell me where the bank is?”

    【答案】politely

    【解析】 句意:那个男人有礼貌地问:“你能告诉我银行在哪里吗?”

            这道题考查形容词变副词,根据句意,应该选择polite, 副词修饰动词,所以把polite变形为politely, asked politely 有礼貌地问

    54. For your health, for your         , keep away from the drugs(毒品).

    【答案】safety

    【解析】句意:为了你的健康,安全,请远离毒品。

            这道题考查的名词,根据句意,应该选择safety, your 是形容词,形容词修饰名词,safety本身就是名词,意思是安全,所以保持原形,不用变形。

    55. The table manners in France are quite different from         , but I am getting used to them.

    【答案】ours

    【解析】句意:法国的餐桌礼仪跟我们国家的餐桌礼仪有相当的不同,但是我已经对它习以为常了。这道题考查的是一个名词性物主代词,根据句意,这句话应当选our, 并把our 变形ours ,表示我们国家的餐桌礼仪,替代前面出现的餐桌礼仪。

    B. 根据短文内容和所给中文提示,在空白处写出单词的正确形式。每空限填一词。

    Life as Chopsticks

    Right now, more and more people are digging into their food with   56  () sticks which are called chopsticks. Even people eating with knives and   57  (餐叉) begin to love them. What’s so special about them? Because they have deep influence in many people’s ways of life.

    Simplicity. There’s   58  (几乎不) anything simpler than chopsticks. With new technology developing every day, there is   59  (仍然) something that has just one use simply to eat. Also the chopsticks don’t   60  (花费) much. In real life, we don’t need to keep improving things all the time.

     Aim. When using chopsticks, you can not pick up everything in one go. Know what you want and just do it. Sometimes, a little bit of focus makes the difference   61  (之间) failure and success.

     Practice. Using chopsticks doesn’t come naturally. You have to learn to use them and practice it. Most would   62   (同意) that there’s no better way than to practice. In real life, you may have many things you want to do, but it will just be a   63  (梦想) if you don’t try doing it.

     Slowing down. A healthy way to eat is to eat with chopsticks. It slows you down and it   64  (允许) your stomach to tell your brain you are full before you overeat. In our life, we sometimes need slow down to have time to think, to realize that we’re actually full and don’t have to rush full   65  (速度) through life.

    56.【答案】two

      【解析】这句话考查的是二的基数词

    57.【答案】forks

      【解析】根据前面knives, 要对fork 进行一定的变形,把单数变为复数

    58.【答案】hardly

    【解析】 这里考查的副词hardly 表达几乎不的意思

    59.【答案】still

    60.【答案】cost

    【解析】初中阶段一共有四个花费;spend,pay, cost,take.

            其中spendpay是人做主语;take it 做主语,只有cost 是物做主语,所以这里应该选cost, 由于前面有助动词don’t, 后面加动词原形,所以cost不用变形

    61. 【答案】between

    【解析】 between among 都有表示.......之间的意思.但是between 是两者之间,among 是三者或者是三者以上,所以这里应该填写between.

    62. 【答案】agree

       【解析】would 后面要加动词原形,所以agree 不用变形

    63. 【答案】dream

    64.【答案】allows/permits

      【解析】allowpermit都是表示同意的意思,根据前面it slows, 这句话真正的主句是it指代”to eat with chopsticks”, “it”是第三人称,第三人称单数谓语动词要加”s”,所以要对allow permit 进行一定变形,加”s”变为allows permits

    65【答案】speed

    六、语法填空(本题有10小题,每小题1分,共计10分)

    阅读下面的短文,在空白处填入一个适当的词,或填入括号中所给单词的正确形式(每空不多于3个单词)。

    It was Sunday. Jack went to a barber’s shop(理发店) to have   66   (he) hair cut. But he was not happy with the result. While he   67   (walk) along the street, he met his friend Bob.                                            

    “What has happened to your hair?” Bob laughed and said.

    “I had   68  bad day today! I didn’t like my old hairstyle   69   I went to a new barber’s shop. But this one seems even   70   (bad) than before. You know, I am going to a party tonight.” Jack said   71   (sad).

    “Oh, that’s really a problem. Now I’ll tell you what   72   (do) when you go into a barber’s shop next time: have a look    73   all the barber’s hair, find out   74  hair looks worst, and ten go straight to him.”

    “Why?” Jack asked.

    “Who cut that   75  (man) hair? He couldn’t cut it himself, could he? Another barber cut it. So you know he can’t be the worst barber.” Bob said.

    66.【答案】his

      【解析】这个空考查是形容词性物主代词,形容词修饰名词,hair是名词,所以要把”he “主格形式变为形容词物主代词his.

    67.【答案】was walking

      【解析】这个空考查的动词的时态---过去进行时,根据while (正当....时候)这个从句引导词,就可得知这里用过去进行时。

    68.【答案】a

      【解析】这个空考查是冠词,由于bad day 是第一次出现,所以应该填写不定冠词a

    69.【答案】so

      【解析】这个空考查的是连词,根据前后句的句意,因为Jack不喜欢自己的发型,所以去理发店,所以应该填写连词so.

    70.【答案】worse

    【解析】这个空考查的是形容词不规则比较级的变化形式,根据than 我们可得知应该填写形容词比较级,bad 的比较是不规则的,是worse 所以这个空应该填worse.

    71.【答案】sadly

    【解析】这个空考查的是形容词变副词,副词修饰动词,said say的一般过去式,是一个动词,所以要把形容词sad 变为副词sadly

    72.【答案】to do

    【解析】这个空考查的是非谓语动词不定式, what to do 相当于一个宾语从句。当主句的谓语动词是tellask, show,teach, 后带双宾语,从句主语和主句中的间接宾语一致时, 宾语从句可简化为“疑问词+不定式”结构。文中的I’ll tell you what to do=I’ll tell you what you can do.

    73.【答案】at

    【解析】这个空考查的是介词和动词短语的一个固定搭配,have a look at sth.看一看某物

    74.【答案】whose

    【解析】这个空考查的是宾语从句的连接词,从句缺少定语成分,所以应该填写whose

    75.【答案】man’s

    【解析】这个空考查的名词所有格,根据句意,在man后面加’s

    七、书面表达(本题有1小题,共计20分)

    76. 正值毕业季,你们班级的“英语园地”在征集庆祝毕业活动方式的建议,以下是你们组三位同学的想法及理由,请你根据这些信息写一篇英语短文,并谈谈你自己的想法和理由。

    make a video

    to record school life

             —Nancy

     

    plant trees

    to make our  

    school beautiful

           —Mike

     

    have a party

    to relax ourselves

                                         —Jim

     

    注意:(1)短文必须包括图片中的所有内容,可适当增加细节。

         2)文中不得出现真实人名和校名等相关信息。

         3)词数:80~100

         4)短文首句仅供选择使用,不计入总词数。

    短文首句: These days, students in our class are discussing the ways to celebrate graduation.

     



      
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