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当前位置: 网站首页 > 2015四川乐山中考英语试卷 试题及答案
  • 试题:

    第二部分:英语知识运用(共 2节,满分 30 分)

    第一节语法和词汇知识(共15 小题;每小题1 分,满分15 分)

    ABC三个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

    21. –Excuse me, can I take this seat?

    Sure. _________.

    A. Don’t worry B. Go ahead C. Take it easy

    22. –The radio says there will be a heavy storm in Mount Emei tomorrow.

    Bad luck. I _________ to go there with my classmates.

    A. plan B. will plan C. planned

    23. –_____ is it from here to the train station?

    It’s about 10 minutes’ bus ride.

    A. How far B. How long C. How soon

    24. –I’m tired. I want to have a day _______ next week.

    Great idea, honey. You do need a break.

    A. away B. on C. off

    25. –Hello, this is Dick. Can I speak to Peter?

    Hold on, please. I’ll see _______ he’s in.

    A. as soon as B. if C. until

    26.–Let’s go for a walk, shall we?

    OK, _______ I need to clean the dishes first.

    A. so B. and C. but

    27. – I found my sister ______ my things and took my new magazines. What should I do?

    I guess you should tell her it’s not right.

    A. looking through B. looking up C. looking for

    28. I like this dress better, but it costs almost twice __________ that one.

    A. as less as B. as much as C. as more as

    29. –I hear your dad Shanghai on business. Did he fly there?

    Yes, but he will be home tomorrow.

    A. will go to B. has been to C. has gone to

    30. Lily was hungry she ate three hamburgers in one go.

    A. too; to B. so; that C. enough; that

    31. –Has Mike received his mother’s mail?

    Yes, he signed for it _________ this morning.

    A. in person B. in fact C. in silence

    32. You’d better too much chocolate, or you’ll get fat fast.

    A. not to eat B. not eat C. not eating

    33. The 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. I’m looking forward to it.

    A. will hold B. is holding C. will be held

    34. –Mum, the train is leaving in eight minutes. I go now.

    Okay, Jim, call me when you get there.

    A. may B. must C. can

    35. beautiful picture! I couldn’t believe it was painted by a young child.

    A. What a B. What C. How

    第二节完形填空(共15 小题;每小题1 , 满分15 分)

    阅读下列短文,掌握其大意,然后从36~50 各题所给的三个或四个选项中,选出最佳选

    项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

    A

    There was once a farmer who lived near a road. It was not a 36 road, but from time to

    time, cars passed the farm.

    Near the farm gate, there was a large 37 in the road. This hole was always full of water.

    The drivers of the cars that passed by could not 38 how deep the hole was. They thought it

    was probably shallow (浅的). Then when they drove into the hole, they could not drive 39

    because it was very deep.

    The farmer did not spend much time 40 on his farm. He spent most of time watching

    the hole. When a car drove into it, he pulled the car out with his tractor (拖拉机) and demanded a

    lot of 41 for doing this.

    One day, a driver of a car said to him: “You must make a lot of money by pulling cars out of

    this hole 42 .”

    Oh, no,” the farmer said. “I don’t pull cars out of the hole at night. At night I fill the hole

    with water.”

    36. A. busy B. wide C. nice

    37. A. stone B. bag C. hole

    38. A. understand B. see C. hear

    39. A. out B. away C. along

    40. A. walking B. living C. working

    41. A. food B. money C. questions

    42. A. day and night B. from now on C. again and again

    B

    Two small words can bring a smile to someone’s face: thank you. But 43 do you say

    these two words? Perhaps when someone holds the door open for you. Or when a friend does you

    a big favor.

    In Britain, people say “thank you” quite often, even at times when there is no 44 .

    Sometimes we say it sarcastically (讽刺地). 45 , if a friend throws my food away, thinking I

    was finished, I may say, “Oh, thank you!” Then my friend would reply, “Sorry.” This can make a

    situation 46 confusing (困惑的) to foreign people.

    However, anyone working in the service sector (行业)waiters, taxi drivers, shop assistants,

    bus drivers and so on –will 47 a “thank you” from British customers. If you’re happy with

    the driver who got you to school on time, or the waiter who served you food, say “thank you” to

    them. You’re really saying “good 48 “.

    I was first 49 that people don’t often say “thank you” here in China. But I know people

    can replace these words with a smile or nod.

    Yet I can’t change my British 50 of saying “thank you”. Even here in China, I know I

    use these two words too much. But saying “thank you” is free, and I believe the more the better.

    43. A. how B. where C. when D. why

    44. A. need B. use C. good D. time

    45. A. By the way B. For example C. Above all D. After all

    46. A. look B. sound C. taste D. smell

    47. A. say B. write C. send D. get

    48. A. job B. man C. friend D. team

    49. A. excited B. bored C. surprised D. interested

    50. A. way B. habit C. standard D. spirit

    第三部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分)

    第一节(共 15小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30分)

    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的几个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

    A

    Do you know something about the holiday camps in Hong Kong? The students in Hong Kong

    used to take part in an English holiday camp in their holidays. And their parents weren’t with them,

    though they were very young.

    Now they still enjoy taking part in many kinds of holiday camps without their parents. Many

    parents let their children take part in some kinds of holiday camps in order to learn some practical

    knowledge in their life and also learn some knowledge about living skills, science, reading and

    writing ... The most important for the children is to learn to look after themselves.

    Holiday camps in Hong Kong are not so expensive. Most families can afford to send their

    children there for further study or for making their bodies strong.

    It is said that students in Hong Kong have much knowledge about many things. Perhaps it has

    something to do with all kinds of holiday camps.

    51. Students in Hong Kong usually took part in ________in the past.

    A. an English holiday camp B. a maths holiday camp C. a science holiday camp

    52. When students in Hong Kong are in holiday camps, their parents ______.

    A. have to look after them B. don’t go with them C. must stay at home

    53. The most important thing for the students to take part in holiday camps in Hong Kong is

    ______.

    A. to learn some practical knowledge in life

    B. to learn about living and learning skills

    C. to learn to look after themselves

    54. The cost of taking part in a holiday camp is ________.

    A. very high B. not fair C. low

    55. The students who often take part in holiday camps usually ________.

    A. know a lot about many things

    B. show much interest in sports

    C. have a strong love for further study

    B

    My mother only had one eye. I never wanted her to show up at my school.

    One day during primary school, I was terribly ill. My mother came.

    Your mom only has one eye!” yelled some of my classmates. I wished my mother would

    have just disappeared (消失).

    If you embarrass (使……尴尬) me, why dont you just die? I shouted at her, taking no

    notice of the sad look on her face. My mother just handed me some medicine and left without

    saying anything.

    At that time, I didn’t think I had hurt her feelings very much. That night I saw my mom

    crying in her room. Even so, I hated her tears from one eye. I made a decision: I must study hard

    and leave my mother.

    Years later my dream came true. I was quite successful. I never thought of going back to see

    my “ugly” mother until one day I got a letter.

    My son I’m sorry I only have one eye. When you were little, you got into an accident and

    lost your eye. As a mom, I couldn’t stand watching you live with only one eye. So I gave you mine.

    I was never angry with you and I never regretted it because I love you.”

    I cried out aloud. Only then did I realise how beautiful my mother was!

    56. Why didn’t the writer want his mom to show up at his school?

    A. Because he thought she was ugly.

    B. Because his mom couldn’t see anything.

    C. Because his classmates didn’t like her.

    57. From the underlined word “shouted” in Paragraph 4, we learn that at that time the writer was

    very _____.

    A. nervous B. angry C. excited

    58. That night, the writer decided to _______.

    A. ask his mom never to go to his school

    B. take good care of his mom from that time

    C. work hard and stay away from his mom

    59. The writer’s mom lost one eye because _______.

    A. she used it to save her son’s sight

    B. she had a serious car accident

    C. she was born with only one eye

    60. The story is mainly about _______.

    A. the difficulties on a boy’s way to success

    B. a naughty boy’s experience of growing up

    C. a mother’s great love for her son

    C

    How do you study each day? You may answer it in one second: have classes at school, take

    notes and do homework. Feeling a little bored? There are other ways that can make learning

    interesting and varied. It’s called digital learning.

    Digital learning is a way to help students learn by using the Internet. There are three

    important kinds of digital learning. Apps are computer software applications (应用). People can

    download them on their mobiles. The other two kinds are social networking services, including

    weibo and WeChat and websites. Every one of them is like your teacher. They help you master

    what you learn at school.

    Compared with traditional learning ways, digital learning has its advantages. Digital learning

    is also varied. It covers almost every school subject. More importantly, it always offers students

    the newest resources (资源) to learn from.

    Digital learning is also personalized. You can choose what you like to learn. If you don’t

    master what you have learned at school, you can learn again through digital ways.

    However, digital learning also has disadvantages. When you use digital ways to learn, you’ve

    got little chance of talking with teachers and classmates. As digital learning uses computers or

    smartphones, watching the screen too long may be bad for your eyes. It is better to take a rest

    every 20 minutes.

    61. How do students usually study everyday according to the story?

    A. Have classes at school and use online tools at home.

    B. Have classes at school, take notes and do homework.

    C. Learn through digital ways and have classes in the classroom.

    D. Have classes, take notes and do homework at school.

    62. Three important kinds of digital learning are mentioned in the passage. They are _______.

    a. Apps. b. smartphones c. computers d. websites

    e. mobiles f. weibo and WeChat

    A. a b f B. a d f C. b c e D. c d e

    63. The underlined word “master” in Paragraph 2 most probably means “_________”.

    A. 复习B. 分析C. 掌握D. 归纳

    64. What is the problem of digital learning?

    A. You can’t communicate with your classmates or teachers.

    B. You have to use both computers and smartphones.

    C. You can’t decide what you want to learn by yourself.

    D. It’s impossible to learn from the newest resources.

    65. How can you protect your eyes when learning in digital ways?

    A. Try to take a rest for 20 minutes when watching the screen.

    B. Try to use traditional ways to learn as often as possible.

    C. Try to take a break every twenty minutes if possible.

    D. Try to learn through digital ways less than 2 hours a day.

    第二节(共 5 小题;每小题2 分,满分 10分)

    根据短文内容,从短文前方框内的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上

    将该项涂黑。

    A. Half said that they feel tired after getting up and 15 percent people have trouble falling

    asleep.

    B. Above all, get enough sleep.

    C. Enough sleep helps the body and brain grow and develop.

    D. The lights keep their brains excited for a long while.

    E. The report said that this is one of the main reasons for bad sleep.

    Sleep is like food for the brain. 66 However, many Chinese do not sleep well, and many

    do not pay enough attention to sleep.

    According to the 2013 China Sleep Quality Index (指数), nearly a quarter of Chinese people

    don't sleep well. 67

    Ye Jingying, a sleep expert at Beijing Tongren Hospital, says, “If people often wake up during

    the night, or always feel weak and tired in the day, they should pay attention to their sleep pattern

    (模式).

    Many people play with their cell phones or iPads before sleeping. 68 Other reasons

    include stress and bad moods.

    How to sleep well? 69 Seven to nine hours of sleep every night is perfect for an adult,

    and eight to nine hours is best for a teenager.

    Forming good sleep habits is important. The report suggested that people need to keep away

    from digital devices (数码产品) for at least an hour before sleep. 70 Other suggestions

    include: try to go to sleep and wake up at the same time every day, even on weekends and during

    holidays, and do the same relaxing things before bed each night, like listening to soft music.

    英语试题第9页(共10 页)

    第二卷( 非选择题,共 50)

    注意事项:

    1 必须使用0.5 毫米黑色字迹签字笔在答题卡上题目所指示的答题区域内作答,答在试卷

    上无效。

    2 第二卷共50 分。

    第四部分:写作(共四节,满分 50分)

    第一节 词汇 (共 5 小题;每小题1 分,满分 5 分)

    根据下列句子的句意、汉语提示或英语解释,写出空白处所缺单词的正确形式;每空一词。

    71. He left home in a (匆忙) and forgot to turn off the light this morning.

    72. Hearing the good news, we couldnt help (大笑).

    73. In order to see the words on the blackboard more __________(清楚), she put on her glasses.

    74. After a large ________(the meal you have in the morning), they set out for a hike in the

    mountain.

    75. They had their school leavers’ party last _______(the day between Friday and Sunday).

    第二节 完成句子(共 5 小题;每小题 2分,满分 10分)

    阅读下列各小题,根据汉语提示完成句子,每空一词。

    76. Id like to order a hamburger and an orange juice.(就划线部分提问)

    ______ _______ you like to order?

    77. I hope you will write to me soon. (改为同义句)

    I’m looking forward to _______ ________ you soon.

    78. 很遗憾,由于大雨,我们不得不推迟运动会的召开。

    It’s a pity that we have to ______ ______ the sports meeting because of the heavy rain.

    79. 采访前,我把要问的问题在脑海里又过了一遍。

    Once again I ______ _______ what I needed to ask in my mind before the interview.

    80. 令我们吃惊的是,新操场占了学校一半多的面积。

    It’s amazing that our new playground _______ _______ more than half of the school area.

    第三节 完成短文和对话(共 10小题;每小题 1.5分,满分 15分)

    A)阅读下面短文,用括号内所给单词的正确形式填空。

    Tony went 81 (fish) at sea. But he sat all day long without catching a single fish. On

    82 (he) way home, he stopped at a store and ordered four tuna (金枪鱼). He told the seller: Pick

    four large 83 (one) out and throw them at me, will you?”

    Why do you want me to throw them at you?” asked the seller.

    So that I am able to tell my wife that I 84 (catch) them,” said Tony.

    OK, but I suggest that you take the salmon (三文鱼).

    Why?” asked Tony.

    Because your wife came in 85 (early) than you today and said that if you come by, I

    should tell you to take salmon. That’s what she’d like for supper tonight,” said the seller.

    英语试题第10页(共10 页)

    B)阅读下面对话,在空白处填入恰当的内容。

    A: So, what’s your plan for this weekend?

    B: I just want to stay at home.

    A: How about going to____86____?

    B: Sorry, I’ve been tired these days. I just want to have a good rest.

    A: But I think going to movies is a better way to ____87____ yourself.

    B: You are probably right.

    A: Maybe we should go out to ____88____ first.

    B: Yeah, I think so.

    A: I know pizza’s been your favourite. Let’s meet at Sam’s Pizza House. I heard they just came

    out with a new pizza.

    B: Really? I haven’t been there for a long time. When shall we meet?

    A: Well, the movie is at 2:00 pm and 1:00 pm.

    B: ____89____ go to the 2:00 pm show?

    A: No problem. We can meet at Sam’s Pizza House at 11:00 am.

    B: Perfect. If so, we can have plenty of time to ____90____.

    第四节 书面表达(满分 20分)

    近几年,越来越多的中国人出国旅游,他们中的一些不文明行为引起了人们的极大关注。

    调查显示,中国游客列世界第二不受欢迎的人。为此,请你根据以下要点,给校报英语专栏

    写一篇短文,并提出你的建议,呼吁人们文明出行。

    1. 不高声喧哗;

    2. 排队候车或就餐;

    3. 不随地吐痰或乱扔垃圾;

    4. 不乱涂乱画。

    注意:1. 词数:80 词左右;开头已给出,不计入总词数;

    2. 应覆盖所有要点;可适当增加细节,使行文连贯;

    3. 参考词汇:spit v. 吐痰;behavior n. 行为。

    With more and more Chinese people traveling abroad, their bad behaviors have become a hot

    topic. A recent US survey showed Chinese were the second worst tourists. How can we be a good

    tourist? Here are some tips for you.

    _______________________________________________________________________________


    乐山市2015 年高中阶段教育学校招生统一考试

    英语试题参考答案及评分意见

    第一卷(满分100分)

    第一部分:听力(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5分,满分 30分)

    1~5 ACBCA 6~10 BCABB 11~15 BCABC 16~20 BCBCA

    第二部分:英语知识运用(共 30 小题;每小题 1 分,满分30 分)

    21~25 BCACB 26~30 CABCB 31~35 ABCBA

    36~40 ACBAC 41~45 BACAB 46~50 BDACB

    第三部分:阅读理解(共 20小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分)

    51~55 ABCCA 56~60 ABCAC 61~65 BBCAC 66~70 CAEBD

    第二卷(满分50分)

    第四部分:写作

    第一节词汇(共5 小题;每小题1 分,满分5 分)

    71. hurry 72. laughing 73. clearly 74. breakfast 75. Saturday

    第二节完成句子(共5 小题;每小题2 分,满分10 分)

    76. What would 77. hearing from 78. put off 79. went over 80. takes up

    第三节完成短文和对话(共10 小题;每小题1.5 分,满分15 分)

    81. fishing 82. his 83. ones 84. caught 85. earlier

    86. the cinema (movies)/ see a movie (film) 87. relax /rest

    88. eat (something) / have lunch 89. Why not/ Why don’t we/Shall we

    90. enjoy (have) our pizza

    第四节书面表达(满分20 分)

    一、评分原则

    1.本题总分为20 分,按5 档次给分。

    2.评分时,先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次,然后以该档次的要求来衡

    量,确定或调整档次,最后给分。

    3.评分时,应注意的主要内容为:内容要点、运用词汇和语法的准确性、上下文的连

    贯性及语言的得体性。

    4.拼写与标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面,评分时,应视其对交际的影响程度予以

    考试。

    5.如书写较差,以至影响交际,将分数降低一个档次。

    二、内容要点

    1. 不高声喧哗;

    英语试题第12页(共10 页)

    2. 排队候车或就餐;

    3. 不随地吐痰或乱扔垃圾;

    4. 不乱涂乱画;

    5. 你的建议。

    三、要点认定

    1. 考生必须有较完整的句子表达出要点。如只有关键词而无主谓结构,不可视为要点

    写出。

    2. 在表达要点的句子中,如果主谓结构有严重的语言错误(如语态、连动词或只写出

    情态动词而无主动词),可视为半个要点。

    3. 围绕要点的发挥,如有语言错误,则扣语言分。

    四、档次划分

    档次得分要点数语言情况

    1720 5 语言基本无误,行文连贯,表达清楚。

    1316 4 语言有少量错误,行文基本连贯,表达基本清楚。

    912 3 语言有一些错误,尚能达意。

    58 2 语言错误很多,影响表达。

    14 1 只能写出与所要求内容有关的一些单词。

    注意:

    1.原则上应按照考生所表达的要点数归档。如语言错误多,可降一档,如语言表达较

    好,可打该档最高分或上升一档。

    2.在同一档次内,根据语言错误的多少确定五个分值。

    1 2 个错误,取该档次分值的高线。

    34 个错误,取该档次分值的中线。

    5 个错误,取该档次分值的低线。

    6 个以上降一档,10 个左右错误取其降档后的低线。

    四、One possible version:

    With more and more Chinese people traveling abroad, their bad behaviors have become a hot

    topic. A recent US survey showed Chinese were the second worst tourists. How can we be a good

    tourist? Here are some tips for you.

    First, we should keep our voice down while talking with friends in public places. Please wait

    in line if you want to take a bus or have dinner. Also, don’t spit or drop litter whenever you want.

    Finally, it’s really bad behavior to write or draw pictures on famous buildings.

    As a middle school student, I think we should pay attention to our behavior, saying no to

    those bad habits. While enjoying ourselves, we should not only respect local customs, but also

    take care of the environment.



      
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