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    高考英语

  • 试题:

    第二部分:英语知识及运用(共两节,满分35分)

    第一节:完形填空(共10小题;每小题2分, 满分20分) 

    阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项A、B、C和D中选出能填入相应空白处的最佳选项。

    Rubber ducks are being used to helpscientists understand global warming and melting glaciers. NASA researchershave  21   90 ducks into holes in Greenland's fastest movingglacier, the Jakobshavn Glacier between Greenland and Canada. The  22   have each been marked with the words "scienceexperiment" along with an e-mail address. If they are found scientistswill be able to  23   how the water moves through the ice andprovide information about the   24   of glaciers.Scientists are still   25   about why glaciers speed up insummer and head towards the sea. One theory is that as the summer sun melts iceon top of the glacier's surface, the water moves to the bottom of the glacier,where it helps to   26   the movement of ice toward thecoast. The Jakobshavn Glacier is believed to be the   27  of the iceberg that sank the Titanic in 1912. Robert Jones, the experimentorganizer, said none of the ducks had been   28   yet."We haven't heard back but it may take some time until somebody actuallyfinds it and decides to send us a/an   29   that they havefound it," he said. "These are places that are  30   so there aren't people walking around."

    21. A. flown                B.buried              C. hidden                    D. dropped

    22. A.results            B.toys              C. glaciers          D. scientists

    23. A.remember       B.invent            C.learn                D. control

    24. A. development    B.movement           C.growth        D. travels

    25. A.unsure          B.excited          C.concerned       D. ignorant

    26. A.reduce          B.control        C.speed         D. stop

    27. A.position              B. source            C.reason            D.result

    28. A.hurt                B.eaten             C. missing         D. reported

    29. A.email            B.card                 C.    fax         D. sign

    30. A.hidden          B.lost               C.    remote       D. quiet

     



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  • 试题:

    -Young man, come off the grass; weforbid________ on the grass here.

             -Sorry,I didn’t notice it.

                       A.to stepping           B.stepping                  C. why                  D.which

     



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  • 试题:

    Winston Churchill was born into a famous family.His father was a successful politician.However, as a boy, Churchill was considered a slowlearner in school.Later he entered the Army and saw action invarious countries.

    In October 1900, Churchill began his political career.For the next sixty years Churchill’s work as a greatpolitician was both brighter and more difficult than his father’s had been.In 1939 German attacked Poland.Churchill prepared to fight.In 1940 he became the Prime Minister of English.

    France fell.The Germansfought their way through Western Europe.It looked asif Britain was about to lose the war.Was it nowpossible to ask for peace, and listen to Hitler?

    Churchill spoke: “I have nothing to offer but blood,hard work , tears and sweat… You ask what is our policy? I will tell you, it isto fight, by sea , by land and air, with all our force and with all thestrength that God can give us.You ask what is our aim?I can answer in one word: Victory.”

    The Germans began moving their armies to the Frenchcoast and prepared to go to war with British.The Britishhad not enough guns to go around.Churchillgave the answer: “ We shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be.We shall fight on the coast ; we shall fight on thelanding grounds; we shall fight in the fields and in the streets; we shallfight in the hills; we shall never give up.”

    By his courage and hard work, Churchill heartenedhis people and other nations fighting together against Hitler.Victory finally came when the Germans lost World WarII.

    Churchill died in 1965 and was given a state funeral.This was a fitting payment to one of all the greatestmen the world had ever seen.

    1.Churchill ______ before he became a politician.

    A.was a slowstudent                      B.was an armyman

    C.helped hisfather in his career              D.had littleinterest in politics

    2.The Germans attacked British _______.

    A.after Francewas defeated                 B.before Francefell

    C.soon afterPoland was attacked             D.beforeChurchill became the Prime Minister

    3.The underlined word “heartened” probably means______ in this passage.

    A.surprised         B.encouraged        C.asked for          D.called for

    4.Which of the following is NOT true?

    A.Churchill hadworked as a politician for more than sixty years.

    B.The writeradmired and respected Churchill very much.

    C.Churchill wasnot so clever as his father.

    D.Churchill wasone of the most inspiring, brave and wise leaders in the British history.

     



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  • 试题:

    --- London Bus Service, how can Ihelp you?

    --- Hi, I’dlike to rent a bus which can ____ 40 people for our trip to Cambridge.

    A. load             B.hold             C.fill             D.support

     



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  • 试题:

    Have you felt annoyed when a cellphone rings duringthe class? Something must be done to stop this.Now inNew York City, USA,a rule is carried out in schools.Students can’t even bring cellphones to schoo1.Is it a good thing or not?

    Anxious parents say that cellphones are an importanttool in holding New York city’s families together.

    “I worry about it,” saidElizabeth Lorris Ritter, a mother of a middle school kid.It’s necessary in our everyday life.We have a washing machine. We have running water, andWe have cellphones.”

    Many American parents think cellphones connect them totheir children on buses,getting out from subways, walking throughunknown places.

    “I have her call me when she gets out of school,”said Lindsay Walt, a schoolgirl’s mother. “No one in New York is going to let their child go toschool without a cellphone”

    What about the cellphone owners, the students? Most ofthe students said cellphones were essential and the cellphone was likeall extra(额外的)hand or foot for them.

    “I feel so empty,”said MayChom,1 4.There is alsono way to listen to music on the way to school without my phone.It will be a really, really boring trip.”

    1.You can use a cellphone___________.

    A.to enjoylistening to music

    B.to work asrunning water

    C.to work as awashing machine

    D.to sendchildren to school

    2.Which of the following statements is TRUE?

    A. ManyAmerican parents don’t think cellphones are necessary for thestudents.

    B.Cellphonesonly bring troubles to the school life.

    C. Cellphonesconnect children with their families when they are outside.

    D. All theschool children agreed not to use cellphones at school.

    3.What does the underlined word “essential” mean inChinese?

    A.时髦的.         B.必要的.          C.昂贵的.          D.浪费的

    4.The article is about the____ in carrying out therule not to use a cellphone in schoo1.

    A.happiness         B.interest           C.problem          D.satisfaction

     



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  • 试题:

    —Would you like ______, sir?

    — No, thanks. Ihave had much.

    A. some moreoranges             B. any more oranges 

    C. some moreorange               D. any more orange

     



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  • 试题:

     ______ as an Olympic event, a sportmust be played in at least 75 countries in at least 4 continents.

    A. Toaccept                          B. Having accepted       

    C. To beaccepted                      D. Accepting

     



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  • 试题:

    The basics of infrastructure design

    It is rightlypointed out various intellectuals that the lifestyle of today is vastlydifferent from that of the earlier times especially in terms of its pace.Lifestyle of today is remarkably fast paced and so in order to catch up with such a pace of life, the adoption of smartand time saving methods is of real significance. Well, the highways havecertainly contributed in this direction and have made our lives a lot easier.Thanks to the modern flyovers and expressways, a single route can be accessedby twice the number of vehicles at the same time.

    These facilities and supplies have made our livesdouble free but it needs to be realized that designing and constructing it is avery complex and a long process. You have to hold fast to the various rules ofdesigning, government standards and most importantly, their safety andusability for the people. In the end it is a joint effort of a number ofskilled engineers, scientists and statisticians. The material that is used inthe construction is finalized after it undergoes certain tests for evaluatingtheir qualities like hardness, roughness, thickness and all that isrequired. 

    Some of the points you have to take care of whilelaying an infrastructure design are as follows:

    The basic layout (布局) of theroad — At this level of planning, various civilengineers have meetings to figure out the basic requirements of the road likethickness of the asphalt (沥青), the size of lanes,distance to be covered, degree of curves and much more. These fundamentalpoints help them decide the further line of action.

    The prior steps — Before anywork is stated over the basic plan layout, there are various preparations to bemade like placing road signs, the removal of trees that may prove to bedangerous in the event of a storm or other natural causes, the positioning offire hydrants (消防栓) based on special designs to be usefulwhen required, etc.

    Inclusion of safety barriers — The safety barriers are placed on almost all roadsand highways that are made over or near to rivers and cliffs. These barrierskeep the vehicles from moving into the traffic in instances of accidents. Theseshould also be designed in advance of placing them on a road and the designshould be such that it makes minimum impact upon the people sitting in the car.These include supplies like side rails and light poles.

    Asphalt pavement marking — It is the process of using a reflective material toindicate various important points on the road like lanes, turns, passing areas,two way and one way roads.

    Though the smooth and wide highways constructed in bigcities seem to be very attractive for the drivers, the ease of use is also thecause of accidents. Cars rushing at extremely high speeds and insecure changeof lanes are a common sight on the highways. With the help of novelinfrastructure design engineers, we can make the best possible use of highways.If these are designed properly and sign boards are placed at the requiredpoints, a number of road accidents can be avoided.

     


    The basics of infrastructure design

    Reason for construction of infrastructure

    Infrastructure must1._________ the demands of today’s fast-paced lifestyle.

    Challenges of design and 2._________

    Various rules, standards, safety and usability should be taken into careful consideration.

    Skilled engineers, scientists and statisticians have to work hard

    3._________.

    Materials must be4._________ to ensure their qualities.

    Points to follow

    Various engineers meet to make sure about fundamental 5._________ of the road.

    Things like 6.__________ trees that are potentially dangerous must be done before construction.

    Safety barriers should be carefully7._________ before being placed to prevent accidents.

    Material that can 8._________ light should be used to marks on the pavement.

    Possible problems and solutions

    Smooth and wide highways may 9._________accidents.

    Highways should be designed properly and sign boards

    10._________ at the required points.

     

     



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  • 试题:

     Pirates from Somalia who hijacked _____European carrier in _____ Indian Ocean threatened to kill its 25 crew members if any rescue operation was attempted.

       A. the; 不填            B. a; the                C. the; a                D.  the; the

     



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  • 试题:

    Many parents have learned the hard way that whatsounds like open communication is often the very thing that closes ayoungster’s ears and mouth. One common mistake is the Lecture, the long monologuethat often starts with “When I was your age….” Eighteen-year-old Kelly callslectures “long, one-side discussions in which I don’t say much.”

    Kids reflexively(条件反射地) shutdown in the face of a lecture. Their eyes glaze over, and they don’t registerany incoming information. Listen to 13-year-old Sarah describe her leastfavorite times with her mom and dad. “First, they scream. Then comes the ‘We’reso disappointed’ speech. Then the ‘I never did that to my parents’ lecture begins.After that, even if they realize how ridiculous they sound, they never take itback.”

    Lines like “When you have children of your own, you’llunderstand” have been seriously said by parents since time immemorial. But manyof our expert parents, like Bobby, a registered nurse and mother of three, feelthat by falling back on clichés(陈词滥调)to justify ouractions, we weaken our position.

    Since kids are creatures of here and now, the far-offfuture has no relevance to them. Therefore, good communicators like Bobbysuggest, “Give specific reasons for your actions in present language: ‘I’m notletting you go to the party because I don’t think there will be enough adultsupervisions(监护).’”

    Betty, who lives in Missiouri, uses an indirectapproach. “I find that warnings are accepted more readily if I discuss a newsarticle on a subject I am concerned about. My husband and I talk about it whileour children absorb the information. Then they never think I’m preaching(布道).”

    This really helped when Betty’s kids began driving.Instead of constantly repeating “Don’t drink; don’t speed,” she would talkabout articles in the paper and express sympathy for the victims of a carcrash. Betty made no special effort to draw her kids into the conversation. Shedepended on a teenager’s strong desire to put in his opinions---especially ifhe thinks he isn’t being asked for them.

    1.The purpose of the passage is to _________.

    A.compare twoways of parents` communicating with their kids

    B.explain whykids won’t listen to their parents

    C.give parentsadvice on how to communicate with their kids

    D.introducekids` reaction to the communication between them and their parents

    2.Which of the following statements is NOT right?

    A.Kids won’t listen to their parents because they think whattheir parents say is boring.

    B.Kids don’t like any discussion at all.

    C.Some kidsthink their parents should apologize when they are wrong.

    D.Many kidsthink they have no right to express their own opinions.

    3. What does the underlined word in the firstparagraph mean?

    A.讨论             B.对话             C.插话             D.独白

    4.Which of the following topic may appeal to kids?

    A.Somethingrelated to kids’ present life

    B.Kids possiblelife in the future

    C.Parents` ownexperience

    D.What parentshave done to their own parents.

    5.In order to make kids follow their advice, parentsshould______.

    A.tell theirkids to listen carefully

    B.arouse kids’ desire to express themselves.

    C.list out asmany examples as possible

    D.set out theirwarnings directly

     



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